Thermal Acoustics 2010
2010 Nov-Dec: exhibition at 20202, Tokyo

see video documentation click here

material: 4 x straight glass tubes, 1 x Liebig condenser, nichrome heaters, 2 x handmade amplifiers, 1 x audio oscillator, 5 x loudspeakers+microphones

A speed which waves propagate in air mostly depends on temperature. When the temperature of air is higher, the speed is fast. in opposite when the temperature is low, the speed is slow.
Temperature is a physical property of matter which is proportional to the mean kinetic energy of its particles. Itfs derived from the mean energy of random motions of air particles. eheatf is an energy which is diverged to low temperature from high. Heat is not any material, itfs just energy.
On the other hand, 'sound' is physical phenomena which are waves propagate in medium as air -i.e. a periodical motion of the medium. Generally vibration which we can hear is called as sound. In this sense, sound is macroscopic motions of air.
Sound wave changes its speed by heat, and the acoustic also changes. The relationship between heat and sound, Ifm thinking that this is an important crossover point of microscopic view and macroscopic view concern with air condition.
A beat arise by a difference between two frequencies. superposing a constant sound in a space temperature and a changing sound in the different thermal state. Through the beat and its change, we can observe 'thermal' as microscopic air molecular motions which are random. I think the sound presents a shape of thermal world, itfs essential, pure and disorder, where we live.
In this work, I treat a concept of thermal issue such as above.

Concerning a sound by using Liebig condenser;
Liebig condenser has two vessels. One is straight tube. The other one surrounds the straight tube. The sound is produced as air column resonances by the straight tube. The other tube is filled by water and has a nichrome heater in order to change an air temperature of the straight tube.